There are two ways to grow cannabis plants: by growing seeds and by clones. We will discuss how cloning feminized seeds are done and how to properly select the best mother plant where you will harvest your clones. Let’s proceed.
Why Cloning Feminized Cannabis is Done?
Cloning cannabis is done by growers and breeders as a short cut to growing cannabis plants. With cloning, you are starting in the early weeks of the growing phase without the need to deal with the germinating and seedling phase.
Being so, you can save money as you don’t need to buy seeds, use energy to provide lighting and air circulation (lamps and fans), and use fertilizers or nutrients meant for seedlings. You can proceed at the vegetative stage and provide the needs of your plants according to this growing phase.
Cloning Ensures the Following
- Your plant’s health as you will take clone specimens from a healthy, easily-growing plant that’s free from molds and pests.
- Your plant’s proper growth as you will get clones from a healthy, properly growing parent.
- Your plant’s good genetic traits. The characteristics you love in a strain is preserved with clones rather than lost when a plant breeds with other strains.
- Any unwanted traits are avoided. You will avoid any growing imperfections as you will be getting clone specimens from a perfect mother plant.
Can You Clone All Cannabis Plants?
If your goal is to preserve the growing traits of plants then there are limitations. For example, you cannot clone an automatic or autoflowering plant to copy its autoflowering traits. You CAN clone an auto plant, but since its autoflowering traits are recessive, it will not be passed on to its clones. You will only grow regular plants that are in their vegetative phases.
Cloning Feminized Seeds Steps
Here are the steps on how cloning is done. But first, prepare the following materials:
- A pair of sharp and sterile scissors
- A container of clean, pH-balanced water
- Cloning powder or cloning gel
- Peat cubes
- Cloning dome (optional)
- Growing lamp
1. Pick the Best Mother Plant Specimen to Harvest Clones From
This is the most important part of the cloning process because the health of your clones will depend on the health of the parent plant. We recommend selecting parent plants with the following qualities:
- Plants must be growing well, should be growing new leaves, and stems each day.
- Plants must not be suffering from any diseases or pests.
- Plants must not be suffering from any nutrient deficiencies.
- Plants must also be from parents with stable genetics, good breeding, and growing traits, etc.
2. Prepare the Parent Plant
Now that you have a candidate plant ready, place it in a level working area. This area must be clean, sterilized, and free from clutter. Use a lamp to illuminate your plant.
3. Harvest the Cannabis Clones
Use a sharp and sterile pair of scissors. Cut specimens from the middle up. Create a clean, diagonal cut. Once you’ve harvested the clones, place these in a container filled with water. Let the harvested clones remain here before you transfer them in the peat cubes.
4. Prepare the Peat Cubes
Prepare the peat cubes by dipping them in clean, pH-balanced water before use. Wait till the cubes are fat and ready; it will only take a few seconds for the peat cubes to fatten up and be ready for use. You will use one peat cube per clone stem so you better have a lot of peat cubes ready.
5. Place the New Clones in Peat Cubes
Remove the meat cubes from water and give it a slight squeeze to remove excess water. Open up the cube with your hands. Take one clone and dip in cloning gel or powder and place it inside the cube. The cloning gel or powder will stimulate root growth so your clones will be ready for transfer to soil or hydro very soon.
Seal the peat cube by folding the material. Place this in a shallow bowl of water. If you have a shelf to keep your peat cubes immersed in water then this would work well.
Do this step on all your peat cubes. Make sure that the clones are well covered and are secure inside the cube.
6. Make Your New Clones Happy and Warm
Right after you’re done placing all the clones inside the peat cubes, you must now place your clones in a warm and comfortable area. If you have a cloning dome then this will work perfectly but if you don’t you can always count on your growing lights.
Place the clones under a strong and intense growing lamp. For now, let your clones stay under a 24-hour lighting schedule. You can reduce this to a 22/2 and then to a 20/4 and 18/6 (light/dark) schedules as these become stronger and grow improved root systems.
You may apply nutrients on your growing medium but usually, everything your clone plants need is found in the peat cubes. Usually, there’s no need to add more fertilizer or nutrients.
7. Transfer Your Juvenile Cannabis Plants in Soil or Hydro
We will use soil as the preferred growing medium for this guide. Prepare a large 5-gallon pot filled with healthy growing soil. The pot must have adequate drainage holes at the bottom for excess water to drain from.
Dig a hole in the middle of the soil, about an inch or two, and place your clones inside (plants and peat cubes). Put more soil to cover the clone. Water the newly-transplanted plant until water drips out of the drainage holes. Place your newly-transplanted clone plants under intense lighting and keep it undisturbed, allow it to recuperate.
Cloning feminized seeds are necessary to preserve the feminized traits that growers need. By cloning, you’re skipping the germination and seedling phase and immediately proceeding with the vegetative stage. It saves you time and saves you money as well. By learning how to clone cannabis plants, you’re steps closer to become a successful marijuana grower.